• Obtain axillary or Velpeau X-ray to rule out concomitant shoulder dislocation.
  • Displacement is defined as 1cm of segment displacement, >45° of angulation, or >0.5cm displacement of the greater tuberosity.
  • Most evidence shows outcomes are similar for surgical and non-surgical treatment, even for displaced fractures.
  • One-part fractures (non-displaced) are generally non-surgical.


Axillary nerve injury.